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Carte du port et havre de Boston avec les côtes adjacentes, dans laquel on a tracée les camps et les retranchemens occupé, tant par les Anglois que par les Américains

We Are One: This beautiful, meticulously-drawn French map of Boston's harbor and environs uses the Liberty Tree and liberty pole icons to champion the Americans' cause. In the decorative title cartouche, a Native American watches a Tory and Patriot struggle to gain possession of a liberty pole and a flag bearing the Liberty Tree image. Based on hydrographic and military surveys by British engineers, this topographic map highlights Boston’s distinctive geography. The harbor is filled with islands and dangerous sandbars, while the surrounding countryside is dotted with hills. For Frenchmen interested in recent political events, the map also locates the positions of British and American troops during the British siege of Boston.

Made in Boston: Highlighted on this fine topographic map of Boston and vicinity are the British and American troops. The American troops are colored red -- the first corps in Cambridge, the second corps opposite Charlestown neck, and the third corps near Roxbury. Among the many strategic topographic features so excellently rendered on this map is Dorchester Heights, which appears devoid of British defensive forces. This serious tactical error was ultimately recognized by General Washington, who occupied the Heights and forced the British to withdraw from the city on March 17, 1776. A note on the map reveals that it is based on an original plan of the siege drawn by order of the British government. Interestingly, the British fortifications on Boston Neck and Castle William Island are greatly exaggerated.

Metadata

Creator

Beaurain, Jean de, 1696-1771

Date

1776

Name on Item

dediée et presentée au Roi par ... le Chr. de Beaurain, geógraphe de sa majeste ; gravé P. Croisey ci-devant graveur de la marine.

Publisher

Chez le Chevalier de Beaurain

Scale

Scale [ca. 1:25,000]

Language

French

Location

Private Collection

Collection (local)

Mapping Boston Collection

Subjects
  • Fortification--Massachusetts--Boston--Maps--Early works to 1800
  • Boston Harbor (Mass.)--Maps--Early works to 1800
  • Boston (Mass.)--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--Maps--Early works to 1800
Places
  • Boston
  • Boston Harbor
  • Massachusetts
  • North and Central America
  • Suffolk (county)
  • United States
Extent

1 map : hand col. ; 56 x 70 cm.

Terms and License
  • No known copyright restrictions.
  • This work is licensed for use under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike License (CC BY-NC-SA).
Notes
  • Relief shown by hachures.
  • Depths shown by soundings.
  • "Cette carte à été copié sur un plan original apporté à la cour d'Angleterre ..."
  • Shows location of British and American forces.
  • Indexed for points of interest.
  • This map can be viewed as a georeferenced overlay in an interactive application made especially for We Are One: Mapping America's Road from Revolution to Independence http://d2o8owo4k087al.cloudfront.net/index.html?mapId=2.

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