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A plan of the island of St. John with the divisions of the counties, parishes, & the lots as granted by government, likewise the soundings round the coast and harbours

A major producer of the surveys that developed into The Atlantic Neptune was Capt. Samuel Holland, Surveyor General for the Northern District. Holland's survey of St. John's Island – modern-day Prince Edward Island – was his first task performed for The General Survey of North America, where systematic surveys were executed according to the latest scientific principles. With explicit instructions from the Board of Trade, Holland divided the island into a grid-system of counties, parishes, and townships of uniform size. French and indigenous place names were changed to commemorate British royal figures, expressing the Empire's power in the region.



Holland, Samuel, 1728-1801



Name on Item

survey'd by Capt. Holland.


Printed & sold by A. Dury


Scale [ca. 1:260,000]




Boston Public Library

Collection (local)

Norman B. Leventhal Map Center Collection

  • Prince Edward Island--Administrative and political divisions--Maps--Early works to 1800
  • Canada
  • North and Central America
  • Province of Prince Edward Island

1 map : hand col. ; 36 x 70 cm.

Terms and License
  • No known copyright restrictions.
  • No known restrictions on use.
  • Depths shown by soundings.
  • Oriented with north toward the upper left.
  • Includes table of administrative divisions and inset of "Gulf of St. Lawrence."
  • Cataloging, conservation, and digitization made possible in part by The National Endowment for the Humanities: Exploring the human endeavor.
  • This map can be viewed as a georeferenced overlay in an interactive application made especially for We Are One: Mapping America's Road from Revolution to Independence http://d2o8owo4k087al.cloudfront.net/index.html?mapId=47.

Collection Information



Digital Library