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To His Excellency Genl. Washington, Commander in Chief of the armies of the United States of America : this plan of the investment of York and Gloucester has been surveyed and laid down

Sebastian Bauman, a topographical engineer who immigrated to North America from Germany, created this map shortly after the British surrender at Yorktown. Dedicated to George Washington, it was the first American-published map of the battle. The plan depicts the British troops (colored red), who were waiting for new supplies and reinforcements, surrounded by the French and American troops (colored yellow and blue). Bauman used pictorial symbols to represent the French navy’s victory over the British in the York River. The lower portion contains a description of the battle embellished with instruments of war and the American flag, one of its earliest representations on a published map.



Bauman, Sebastian


Scot, Robert, 1744?-1823



Name on Item

and is most humbly dedicated by His Excellency's obedient and very humble servant, Sebastn. Bauman, Major of the New York or 2nd Regt. of Artillery ; R. Scot, sculp.




Scale [ca. 1:14,500]




George Washington's Mount Vernon

Collection (local)

Richard H. Brown Revolutionary War Map Collection at Mount Vernon

  • Gloucester (Va.)--Maps--Early works to 1800
  • Yorktown (Va.)--History--Siege, 1781--Maps--Early works to 1800
  • Yorktown (Va.)--History--18th century--Maps--Early works to 1800
  • Gloucester
  • Gloucester (county)
  • North and Central America
  • United States
  • Virginia
  • York (county)
  • Yorktown

1 map : hand col. ; 66 x 48 cm.

Terms and License
  • No known copyright restrictions.
  • This work is licensed for use under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike License (CC BY-NC-SA).
  • Shows units, ships, lines of fire, and successive positions.
  • Oriented with north to the upper left.
  • Relief shown by hachures.
  • "This plan was taken between the 22nd & 28th of October, 1781."
  • Includes "References to the British lines" with illus. of ships and "Explanation" of the American and French siege operations.
  • This map can be viewed as a georeferenced overlay in an interactive application made especially for We Are One: Mapping America's Road from Revolution to Independence http://d2o8owo4k087al.cloudfront.net/index.html?mapId=80.

Collection Information



Digital Library